|Sully Prudhomme was pseudonym
of RENÉ-FRANÇOIS-ARMAND PRUDHOMME (b. March 16, 1839, Paris,
France--d. Sept. 7, 1907, Châtenay), French poet who was a
leading member of the Parnassian movement, which sought to
restore elegance, balance, and aesthetic standards to poetry, in
reaction to the excesses of Romanticism. He was awarded the
first Nobel Prize
for Literature in 1901. Prudhomme studied science at school but
was forced by an eye illness to renounce a scientific career.
His first job was as a clerk in a factory office, which he left
in 1860 to study law. In 1865 he began to publish fluent and
melancholic verse inspired by an unhappy love affair. Stances
et poemes (1865) contains his best known poem, Le vase
brisé ("The Broken Vase"). Les Épreuves
(1866; "Trials"), and Les Solitudes (1869;
"Solitude") are also written in this first,
Stances et poemes, 1865.
Les epreuves, 1866.
Les solitudes: poesies, A. Lemerre (Paris),
Les destins, 1872.
La France, 1874.
Les vaines tendresses, 1875.
Le zenith (poem), published in journal Revue
des deux mondes, 1876.
La justice (poem), 1878.
Poesie, 1865-88, A. Lemerre, 1883-88.
Le prisme, poesies diverses, A. Lemerre
Le bonheur (poem), 1888.
Epaves, A. Lemerre, 1908.
Oeuvres de Sully Prudhomme (poetry and
prose), 8 volumes, A. Lemerre, 1883-1908.
Que sais-je? (philosophy), 1896.
Testament poetique (essays), 1901.
La vraie religion selon Pascal (essays),
Journal intime: lettres-pensee (diary), A.
|For further reading:
Studies in Literature by E. Dowden (1892);
Entretiens avec Sully-Prudhomme by E. Champion (1900);
La Philosophie de
M. Sully-Prudhomme by C. Hémon (1907);
Sully-Prudhomme by E. Zyromsky
(1907); Parisian Portraits by F. Grierson (1913);
On Life and Letters by
A. France (1922);
Punch and Judy and Other Essays by M. Baring (1924);
Sully Prudhomme, poète sentimental et poète philosophe by
Edmond Estève (1925);
Sully Prudhomme et sa pensée by Pierre
Nobel Prize Winners, ed. by T. Wasson (1987) -
associated with the Parnassians: Leconte de Lisle, Théodore de Banville,
François Coppée, Sully Prudhomme, and Paul Verlaine. - Suomeksi
kirjailijalta on käännetty runoja mm. teokseen Ranskan kirjallisuuden
kultainen kirja, toim. Anna-Maria Tallgren, 1934. Otto Manninen on
suomentanut runon 'Särkynyt maljakko'.